Fiber is more powerful than we thought: Scientists find whole grains could be pivotal to controlling blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetics

Mail Online | 3/8/2018 | Mia De Graaf Health Editor For Dailymail.com
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High fiber diets could control diabetics' blood sugar better than we ever realized, new research suggests.

For decades, nutritionists have urged everyone - diabetes diagnosis or not - to load up on leafy greens, whole grains, and bananas since their fiber content keeps digestion stable and smooth.

Research - Rutgers - University - Fiber - Role

But new research by Rutgers University has found fiber plays a far more active role than ever recorded in nurturing the gut bacteria that control blood sugars and fats.

The findings could pave the way to personalized high-fiber diets as a first-line treatment for the disease, which affects 29.1 million Americans.

Researchers - Rates - Diabetes - Diagnoses - Obesity

The researchers say it could also help to curb the rapidly climbing rates of diabetes diagnoses - driven by the obesity crisis - if more non-diabetics take up a high-fiber diet as well.

'Our study lays the foundation and opens the possibility that fibers targeting this group of gut bacteria could eventually become a major part of your diet and your treatment,' said Professor Liping Zhao, a microbiologist at Rutgers University-New Brunswick in New Jersey.

Diabetes - Range - Problems - Heart - Attacks

Type 2 diabetes can lead to a range of devastating problems from heart attacks and strokes to kidney failure, blindness and losing a limb.

It develops when the pancreas makes too little of glucose controlling insulin, or when the body doesn't use the hormone well.

Gut - Bacteria - Acids - Intestine - Lining

Gut bacteria produce short-chain fatty acids that nourish intestine lining cells, reducing inflammation and helping to control appetite.

A shortage has been associated with type 2 diabetes and other diseases.

Evidence - Conditions - Age - Factors - Obesity

Now, however, evidence is building that one of the most widespread and deadly medical conditions of the modern age, which is linked to lifestyle factors like obesity, can be combated through diet.

Foods high in fiber boost gut bacteria that control blood sugar by breaking down carbohydrates.

Year - Study - Eating

Last year, a study showed losing weight by following an 800-calorie-a-day eating...
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