Musings on Moral Theology (3) | 7/29/2017 | Chaplain Mike
gbabii05 (Posted by) Level 3
Note from CM: Our Ordinary Time Bible Study in Philippians will be switched to Fridays, to allow three days at the beginning of week to cover other topics.

Moral psychology can help to explain why the Democratic Party has had so much difficulty connecting with voters since 1980. Republicans understand the social intuitionist model better than do Democrats. Republicans speak more directly to the elephant. They also have a better grasp of Moral Foundations Theory; they trigger every single taste receptor.

Jonathan - Haidt - Contribution - Book - Righteous

Jonathan Haidt’s second great contribution in his book, The Righteous Mind: Why Good People Are Divided by Politics and Religion, is his work on Moral Foundations Theory. His succinct metaphor for his overall conclusion is:

The righteous mind is like a tongue with six taste receptors.

History - Philosophy - Morality - Universal - Maxim

Unlike some in the history of moral philosophy who tried to boil down morality into a single universal maxim, such as Kant’s categorical imperative, Haidt came to see that such approaches were “oversystematized and underempathized.” He instead concluded that David Hume’s ” pluralist, sentimentalist, and naturalist approach to ethics was more promising,” and he began using the metaphor of our various taste receptors to describe the variety of moralities that make up “the righteous mind.”

He started by recognizing five foundations of moral psychology (Haidt added a sixth later):

Care/Harm - Foundation - Signs - Suffering - Need

The Care/Harm Foundation: “makes us sensitive to signs of suffering and need; it makes us despise cruelty and want to care for those who are suffering.”

The Fairness/Cheating Foundation: “makes us sensitive to indications that another person is likely to be a good (or bad) partner for collaboration and reciprocal altruism. It makes us want to shun or punish cheaters.”

Loyalty/Betrayal - Foundation - Signs - Person - Team

The Loyalty/Betrayal Foundation: “makes us sensitive to signs that another person is (or is not) a team player. It makes us trust and reward such people, and it makes us want to...
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