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On July 11, 1944, Winston Churchill was shown evidence provided by four escapees from Auschwitz of the mass murder of Jews at the extermination camp.
For two years, the Nazis had managed to keep the gas chambers in Auschwitz, southern Poland, a secret.
Complex - Auschwitz - Nazi - Extermination - Camp
The complex at Auschwitz was the principal Nazi extermination camp in World War II, covering at least 15 square miles.
The site was chosen for the camp because the main railway lines from Germany and Poland passed through the area. Prisoners deported there had to pay their own rail fare, calculated by kilometres travelled.
Auschwitz - Crematoria - Engineering - Company - Töpf
Auschwitz contained five crematoria, made and patented by German engineering company Töpf and Sons, who had worked out they could dispose of 4,756 corpses a day.
The crematoria contained gas chambers, mortuaries and changing rooms. These had numbered hooks, suggesting the prisoners would return to collect their belongings.
Summer - Army - Western - Europe - Inmates
By the summer of 1944, the German army was retreating across Western Europe and, crucially for the inmates of Auschwitz, the Soviets were advancing towards Poland. Panic had set in among the SS guards, who feared for their lives at the hands of the ruthless Red Army when it arrived.
The end was in sight for the few survivors of one of humanity’s most vile atrocities...
Snow - Ground - Auschwitz - Complex - Temperatures
Snow is lying thickly on the ground across the Auschwitz complex. Temperatures are well below freezing.
The Soviet Red Army is only a few miles away. Many SS officers and their families have already left, with cases full of valuables plundered from murdered inmates.
Prisoners - Women - Camp - Barracks - Hanging
The prisoners in the women’s camp are ordered out of their barracks to watch a hanging.
The SS have identified four women working as slave labourers at the nearby IG Farben industrial plant as the suppliers of explosives used in an attack on the guards.
Nazi - Doctor - Joseph - Mengele - ?The
The brutal Nazi doctor Joseph Mengele, known as ‘The...
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