In Brazil, historic black lay Catholic 'brotherhoods' fight to survive

Religion News Service | 12/6/2019 | Eduardo Campos Lima
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(RNS) — At the end of October, members of Brazil's Catholic black lay associations gathered in the northern port city of Salvador to discuss their centuries-long history and the challenges facing the new network they have formed — an association of associations — in a country where the Catholic Church itself is questioning its future.

Slaves - Men - Women - Times - Churches

Created by slaves and emancipated black men and women in colonial times, when they were not allowed to attend the same churches as their white masters, the black lay associations were once refuges of solidarity and resistance against slavery. Most made efforts to buy freedom for their enslaved members. “Our brotherhood functioned as an important center in the abolitionist struggle,” said Antônio Nicanor, a member of the Brotherhood of the Black Men in Salvador.

But the existence of the black Catholic groups is threatened by the same societal forces that are draining all established religions of members and energy, chiefly the loss of young people. “The average age in our brotherhood is 55," Nicanor told Religion News Service. "In most of the organizations all over Brazil, there’s no effective renewal.

Brotherhoods - Communities - Brazil - Effort - Nicanor

“Since 2017 we’ve been working to reunite all brotherhoods and communities in Brazil, in an effort to grow stronger," said Nicanor, referring to the network that is meant to bolster brotherhoods like his. "Our organizations are aging, and we have to fight against their end.”

Some of the decline has to do with problems particular to Brazil's complex religious landscape. The lay associations have long been concerned with the conservation of African culture in the church, and many members are loyal both to Catholicism and to Afro-Brazilian religions such as Candomblé and Umbanda. These allegiances have caused some Catholic clergy to regard them with suspicion.

Prejudice - People - Church

“We still suffer with the prejudice of some people in the Church,” said...
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