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Germany was an early pioneer in renewable energy and has massively boosted wind and solar power, so why is it bound to miss its self-imposed climate goals for next year?
The "Energiewende", or clean energy transition, sometimes described as the biggest national project since reunification three decades ago, has hit a number of speed bumps.
Problems - Germany - Phase-out - Reliance - Dirty
Problems have been linked to Germany's ongoing nuclear phase-out, its reliance on dirty coal, local opposition to new infrastructure, and the powerful, state-coddled auto sector.
These factors have derailed Germany efforts to bring down emissions by 40 percent from 1990 by next year, though it has pledged to meet the next goal of a 55 percent reduction by 2030.
Project - Bicycle - Travel - Home - Heating
It's a sweeping project that ranges from encouraging bicycle travel to making home heating more efficient, to the trade in so-called "polluter-pays" emission certificates.
A day before Chancellor Angela Merkel's government is set to present new climate measures, here are key elements in the energy shift—and key problems on the path to a carbon neutral economy by 2050.
Export - Power - Germany—Europe - Economy - Percent
Export power Germany—Europe's biggest economy, responsible for two percent of the world's greenhouse emissions—plans to replace nuclear as well as coal, oil and gas power with wind and solar but also biomass, hydro and geothermal energy.
The goal is to reduce the risk of a nuclear disaster while shifting from finite, dirty and mostly imported fossil fuels and uranium to infinite, clean and locally generated energy.
State - Incentives - Wind - Power - North
State incentives have massively boosted wind power, especially on the North and Baltic Sea coasts, where more than 20 off-shore wind farms now have an output equivalent to half a dozen nuclear plants.
Large-scale photovoltaic production is concentrated in the sunnier south, and Germany-wide well over one third of electricity demand is now met with renewables, with plans to raise the share to about two thirds by 2030.
However, Germany has lagged...
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