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The saying goes that an apple a day keeps the doctor away - and now research has suggested there's truth to the old adage.
Researchers from Edith Cowan University, Australia, looked at the diets of more than 53,000 people and tracked them for 23 years.
Flavonoids - Compounds - Apples - Day - Cancer
They found those who consumed at least 500mg of flavonoids - compounds found in apples - a day were less likely to die of cancer or heart disease.
Eating an apple, orange, portion of broccoli and handful of blueberries would set a person on their way to 'over 500mg of total flavonoids', the team said.
Flavonoids - Blood - Vessels - Inflammation - Heart
Flavonoids are thought to keep blood vessels healthy and curb inflammation, which has been linked to both poor heart health and cancer.
'These findings are important as they highlight the potential to prevent cancer and heart disease by encouraging the consumption of flavonoid-rich foods,' lead author Dr Nicola Bondonno said.
'It - Variety - Compounds - Food - Drink
'It's important to consume a variety of different flavonoid compounds found in different plant-based food and drink.
'This is easily achievable through the diet. One cup of tea, one apple, one orange, 100g of blueberries and 100g of broccoli would provide a wide range of flavonoid compounds and over 500mg of total flavonoids.'
People - Fruit - Intake - Day
Around 7.8 million people worldwide are thought to have died prematurely in 2013 alone due to a fruit and vegetable intake of less than 800g a day.
Heart disease specifically is responsible for a quarter of all deaths in the UK and US, statistics show.
People - UK - Cancer - Cancer - Research
And one in two people born after 1960 in the UK will develop cancer, according to Cancer Research UK.
To understand how food can prevent these conditions, the researchers analysed 53,048 people who took part in the Danish Diet, Cancer and Health study over 23 years.
Participants - Habits - Scientists
After looking at the participants' eating habits, the scientists...
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