The expression “the Day of the Lord” is sometimes thought to refer to the time of the end of this age.2 Unquestionably, there are passages which do refer to the eschaton, and we shall look at them, but not every usage of the phrase can be slotted into the last days—the locust plague in Joel 1 being a case in point.
Finley may be right, but some things in Joel 2 don’t fit his view easily. The last reference to the Day in Joel 2:31 speaks of the sun and moon being blacked out before the Day of the Lord. And Joel 3:14-16 includes the same phenomena, as well as Yahweh Himself coming to deliver His remnant; and He comes to “dwell” in Zion (Joel 3:17). These are eschatological uses of the phrase and describe events surrounding the second coming.
Appearance - Appearance - Horses - Steeds
Their appearance is like the appearance of horses; and like swift steeds, so they run.
With a noise like chariots over mountaintops they leap, like the noise of a flaming fire that devours the stubble, like a strong people set in battle array.
People - Pain - Color
Before them the people writhe in pain; all faces are drained of color.
If this is a description of a coming trained army why say they are “like horses,” “like a strong people in battle array,” “like mighty men”? The usual answer is the employment of the caph veritatis where the expression refers to the way something actually is (or ought to be).6 This may be so, but it is not easy to claim this use in verse 4. One could say that the men were indeed mighty (Joel 2:7), but you could not say that they were horses and actually galloped (Joel 2:4).
Point - Worth - Joel - Soldier
Another point worth considering is Joel 2:6; a trained soldier (say an Assyrian or Greek) would try to kill...
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