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Therapists and their patients sing from the same hymn sheet during music sessions, a new study suggests.
Experts say they have shown that the brains of the two synchronise during sessions, hailing a breakthrough that could improve future interactions.
Therapy - Conditions - Depression - Autism - Dementia
Music therapy can be used to treat conditions such as depression, autism, and dementia.
The study is the first to use hyperscanning, which records activity in two brains at the same time, allowing researchers to better understand how people interact.
Session - Study - Researchers - Anglia - Ruskin
During the session covered by the study, conducted by researchers from Anglia Ruskin Universit, classical music was played as the patient discussed a serious illness in her family.
Both the patient and therapist wore EEG (electroencephalogram) caps containing sensors that capture electrical signals in the brain.
Session - Sync - EEG - Video - Cameras
The session was also recorded in sync with the EEG using video cameras.
Music therapists work towards 'moments of change', where they make a meaningful connection with their patient.
Study - Researchers - Point - Patient - Brain
In the study, the researchers noted that at one point the patient's brain activity shifted suddenly from displaying deep negative feelings to a positive peak.
Shortly afterwards the therapist's scan showed similar results, as she realised the session was working.
Interviews - Moment - Therapy
In subsequent interviews, both identified that as a moment when they felt the therapy was really working.
By analysing hyperscanning data alongside video footage and a transcript of the session, the researchers were able to demonstrate that brain synchronisation...
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