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Male athletes who identify as transgender have unfair advantages over female athletes, a new paper argues.
Even when male athletes suppress testosterone levels, they’ll still retain advantages over female athletes.
Democrats - Transgender - Athletes - Advantages - Sports
Congressional Democrats have downplayed transgender athletes’ biological advantages in female sports.
Democrats’ Equality Act would force public schools to include biological males who identify as transgender girls on female athletic teams.
Testosterone - Levels - Male - Athletes - Advantages
Suppressing testosterone levels in male athletes isn’t enough to eliminate their natural advantages over female athletes, according to a recently published paper in the Journal of Medical Ethics.
The paper’s findings contradict congressional Democrats’ claim that male athletes who identify as transgender don’t have an inherent advantage over their female competitors.
Paper - Transwomen - Sport - Considerations - Male
The paper, “Transwomen in elite sport: scientific and ethical considerations,” concluded that male athletes who identify as transgender women have an “intolerable” advantage over their female competitors.
The authors, two bioethics professors and a physiology professor, noted that “there is very little scientific evidence” to support the argument that “hormone therapy will mitigate the advantage transwomen may have in comparison with cis-women athletes.”
Authors - Research - Showing - Men - Muscle
The authors cited research showing that “healthy young men did not lose significant muscle mass (or power) when their circulating testosterone levels were reduced to [below International Olympic Committee guidelines] for 20 weeks.”
“Moreover, retention of muscle mass could be compensated for by training or other ergogenic methods,” the study continues. “In addition, the phenomenon of muscle memory means muscle mass and strength can be rebuilt with previous strength exercise making it easier to regain muscle mass later in life even after long intervening periods of inactivity and mass loss.”
Authors - Effects - Testosterone - Hormone - Therapy
The authors noted that “indirect effects of testosterone will not be altered by hormone therapy. For example, hormone therapy will not alter bone structure, lung volume or heart size of the transwoman athlete, especially if she transitions postpuberty, so natural advantages including joint articulation, stroke...
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