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University of Cape Town (UCT) researchers have collected clear evidence—over a 23 year period between 1976 and 1999—that climate change is shrinking animals' body sizes.
Associate Professor Res Altwegg and Dr. Birgit Erni from the Department of Statistical Sciences, together with colleagues, studied changes in the weight of mountain wagtails, a type of bird, along the Palmiet River in Westville, KwaZulu-Natal.
Climate - Change - Effects - Earth - Ecosystems
Climate change is having profound effects on earth and its ecosystems, and during the past 100 years, global temperatures have increased by close to 1 °C. From the fossil record, it is known that during past periods of global warming, both marine and land-based animals have become smaller. And scientists have proposed that contemporary warming could lead to smaller animals, but so far, evidence supporting this has been scarce.
To investigate this idea and whether it could be true, the research team looked at a group of wagtails living along the Palmiet River. What they found supports the idea that climate change can shrink Earth's animals.
Animals - Conditions - Animals - Climate - Animals
"All else being equal, larger animals can tolerate cold conditions better than smaller animals, so one could expect that a warming climate is relatively more advantageous for smaller animals," said Professor Altwegg.
"A lot of other factors also affect body size, though, so we weren't expecting to find clear temperature effects over a quarter of a century. Yet, the results clearly supported the idea that climate change was the reason why these birds became smaller over time," he added.
Mountain - Wagtails - Birds - Pumping - Motion
Mountain wagtails are slender black, gray and white birds so named because of the up-and-down pumping motion they do with their tails. They live near small fast-flowing rivers across sub-Saharan Africa.
Based on data from a local weather station near the Palmiet River, the researchers knew that...
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