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A plant-based diet slashes the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, according to a major scientific review.
Researchers analysed more than 300,000 people who followed a plant-based diet, such as vegetarian or vegan, to some degree.
Chances - Condition
Those who stuck to it religiously had the lowest chances of getting the condition, compared to those who were more flexible.
Adults who chose 'healthy' plant-based foods low in sugar, fat and salt, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, had the lowest risk.
Studies - Category - Adherence - Diets - Amount
In all of the studies analysed, the highest category of adherence to plant-based diets still involved a significant amount of food derived from animals.
It's not currently clear whether reduced meat consumption is behind the reduced risk, or another factor such as a high amount of fibre.
Diets - Insulin - Sensitivity - Weight - Risk
Plant-based diets have been shown to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce weight, both of which can slash the risk of type 2 diabetes.
There are four million people living with diabetes in the UK, and 90 per cent of those have type 2.
Researchers - Harvard - TH - Chan - School
Researchers at Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, in Boston, Massachusetts, used nine studies which investigated the link between a plant-based diet and type 2 diabetes.
The review included data from 307,099 participants, of which 23,544 were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.
Researchers - People - Adherence - Diets - Cent
The researchers found people with the highest adherence to plant-based diets had a 23 per cent lower risk of type 2 diabetes compared to those with weaker adherence to the diets.
The risk was most reduced in those who ate healthy plant-based diets, according to the findings published in The Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine.
Author - Frank - Qian - Research - Masters
Lead author Frank Qian, who conducted the research as a masters student, said: 'Plant-based dietary patterns are gaining popularity in recent years.
'So we thought it was crucial to quantify their overall association with diabetes risk,...
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