More than 70% of adolescents who obtained prescription drugs from multiple sources had a substance use disorder -- involving prescription medications, other drugs and alcohol -- within the previous year.
The national average for a substance use disorder for all adolescents is 5%, said senior author Sean Esteban McCabe, a professor at the U-M School of Nursing.
Studies - July - Issue - Journal - American
Both studies, published in the July issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, found that adolescents using multiple sources for prescription medications were at high risk for other substance use and substance use disorders, among other disturbing patterns.
One study identified sources of misuse for three classes of prescription drugs -- opioids, stimulants and tranquilizers -- and the differences in motives and behavior among 18,549 high school seniors. The other study identified sources of controlled medications and related behaviors in 103,920 adolescents ages 12 to 17.
Finding - % - Prescription - Drug - Misusers
A "very concerning" finding is that 30% of prescription drug misusers took their own leftover medication, with girls more likely to take leftovers than boys, said McCabe, who is also co-director of the U-M Center for the Study of Drugs, Alcohol, Smoking and Health. Boys were more likely to obtain prescription drugs from friends or purchase them.
The most common sources for prescription drugs for 12-to-17-year-olds were...
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