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The newly-discovered dark dwarf galaxy Antlia 2's collision with the Milky Way may be responsible for our galaxy's characteristic ripples in its outer disc, according to a study led by Rochester Institute of Technology Assistant Professor Sukanya Chakrabarti.
The Antlia 2 dwarf galaxy was discovered from the second data release of the European Space Agency's Gaia mission, which aims to chart a three-dimensional map of our galaxy. Antlia 2's current location closely matches the location of a dark-matter dominated dwarf galaxy that Chakrabarti predicted in 2009 through a dynamical analysis. Using the Gaia data, Chakrabarti calculated its past trajectory and found that Antlia 2 would have crashed into the Milky Way and produced the large ripples that we see in the outer gas disc of our galaxy.
Data - Releases - Gaia - Clarity - Chakrabarti
Upcoming additional data releases from Gaia will provide further clarity, and Chakrabarti said that she and her team have made "a hand-on-the-cutting-board kind of prediction of what to expect for the motion of the stars in the Antlia 2 dwarf galaxy in future Gaia data releases." Chakrabarti said the discovery could help develop methods to hunt for dark...
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