Model identifies high-risk areas for lumpy skin disease in cattle

phys.org | 5/7/2019 | Staff
doona07 (Posted by) Level 3
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Researchers have combined two separate computer models to identify areas at highest risk for outbreaks of lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV) in cattle. The models could help officials determine where to send resources ahead of outbreaks and serve as a potential early warning system for cattle farmers in affected areas.

LSDV is a disease that affects cattle. Current research points to transmission via biting insects such as flies, fleas, ticks or mosquitoes. Infected calves may die, and older cattle develop bleeding circular lesions on the skin, decreased milk production, and overall poor health.

LSDV - Africa - Disease - Northern - Hemisphere

Although LSDV is endemic to Africa, since 2015 the disease has spread into the Northern Hemisphere including Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and the Balkans. The rapid expansion of LSDV in those regions shows the virus can thrive in more temperate regions than those in which LSDV traditionally occurred.

"LSDV represents an emerging threat to international trade of livestock products and live animals, due to the economic impact of milk and beef production losses," says Gustavo Machado, assistant professor of population health and pathobiology at NC State and corresponding author of a paper describing the work. "The good news is that the disease can be controlled by vaccination. However, we need a way to efficiently target our prevention efforts."

Machado - Team - Colleagues - Computer - Models—a

Machado and an international team of colleagues combined two different computer models—a...
(Excerpt) Read more at: phys.org
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