Students impacted by inequality of their family's origins | 5/13/2016 | Staff
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The gender stereotypes and cultural norms of a child's family heritage impacts their academic performance in Australian schools, research led by the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre shows.

The research, titled "Culture, migration and educational performance: a focus on gender outcomes using Australian PISA tests," published in The Australian Educational Researcher, compared 2015 Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test scores of non-migrant, first-generation and second-generation migrant children in Australia.

Author - Associate - Professor - Mike - Dockery

Lead author Associate Professor Mike Dockery, from the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre, said the research identified that girls performed worse if their family came from a country where girls had lower access to secondary education than boys.

"Across OECD countries, boys typically outperform girls in the PISA science and maths tests, while girls do better on reading tests," Associate Professor Dockery said.

Gender - Gap - Maths - Science - Tends

"That gender gap in maths and science tends to disappear in countries with greater gender equality, so we wanted to examine what role cultural background plays in shaping gender gaps.

"The research supported our prediction that girls whose families came from countries that afforded women lower educational opportunity might still perform worse in Australia, and this finding held true even for second-generation migrants.

Effect - Boys - Families - Countries - Male

"We were surprised to find the effect was even stronger for boys whose families came from countries with lower male school enrolment rates."

While boys' results in Australia were...
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