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Doctors were shocked when a woman showed up at a clinic with her teeth surrounded by swollen and overgrown gums that looked like strawberries.
In a case report from the New England Journal of Medicine, the 42-year-old woman from Iran visited a dermatologist complaining of worsening oral pain.
Gums - Weeks - Visit - Nosebleeds - Ulcers
She said her gums had been growing for six weeks prior to her visit and she'd been suffering from recurrent nosebleeds and ulcers that were 'eating away' at her face.
That's when doctors noticed a granular appearance in her gums and diagnosed her with a condition that's nicknamed 'strawberry gingivitis'.
Gum - Tissue - Teeth - Gingival - Hyperplasia
When gum tissue overgrows around the teeth, it's normally known as gingival hyperplasia.
It's typically caused either by poor oral hygiene or as a side effect of certain medications, such as anti-seizure drugs or immunosuppressants.
Cases - Hygiene - Resolves - Hyperplasia - Underlying
In most cases, improved oral hygiene resolves gingival hyperplasia. But if the underlying cause is due to a drug, surgery may be necessary.
However, the unnamed women's condition had progressed so much that it had developed into a rare form known as strawberry gingivitis.
Doctors - Cause - Granulomatosis - Polyangiitis - GPA
Doctors soon discovered that the underlying cause was granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), which is a rare disease in which the immune system attacks blood vessels.
Blood flow to some of the organs - such as the nose, sinuses and kidneys - slows, which causes areas of inflammation called granulomas to develop.
Scientists - Unsure - Infection - Virus - National
Scientists are unsure of what causes it, but believe it may be triggered by an infection or a virus, according to the National...
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