Unexpected rain on sun links two solar mysteries

ScienceDaily | 4/5/2019 | Staff
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Mason, a graduate student at The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., was searching for coronal rain: giant globs of plasma, or electrified gas, that drip from the Sun's outer atmosphere back to its surface. But she expected to find it in helmet streamers, the million-mile tall magnetic loops -- named for their resemblance to a knight's pointy helmet -- that can be seen protruding from the Sun during a solar eclipse. Computer simulations predicted the coronal rain could be found there. Observations of the solar wind, the gas escaping from the Sun and out into space, hinted that the rain might be happening. And if she could just find it, the underlying rain-making physics would have major implications for the 70-year-old mystery of why the Sun's outer atmosphere, known as the corona, is so much hotter than its surface. But after nearly half a year of searching, Mason just couldn't find it. "It was a lot of looking," Mason said, "for something that never ultimately happened."

The problem, it turned out, wasn't what she was looking for, but where. In a paper published today in the Astrophysical Journal Letters, Mason and her coauthors describe the first observations of coronal rain in a smaller, previously overlooked kind of magnetic loop on the Sun. After a long, winding search in the wrong direction, the findings forge a new link between the anomalous heating of the corona and the source of the slow solar wind -- two of the biggest mysteries facing solar science today.

High-resolution - Telescopes - NASA - SDO - Spacecraft

Observed through the high-resolution telescopes mounted on NASA's SDO spacecraft, the Sun -- a hot ball of plasma, teeming with magnetic field lines traced by giant, fiery loops -- seems to have few physical similarities with Earth. But our home planet provides a few useful guides in parsing...
(Excerpt) Read more at: ScienceDaily
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