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The caveman diet consisted of mostly meat, reveals new analysis of a neanderthal woman's tooth found in France.
Radiocarbon dating and nitrogen isotope analysis has confirmed their main food source and diet was meat-based, including large mammals like reindeer and horse.
'very - Diet - Researchers - Evidence - Consumption
In what they describe as a 'very monotonous diet', the researchers found evidence of a high consumption of mammoth meat using compound-specific isotope analysis.
This is used to investigate the diets of past people by a tracing the 'trophic' level, the position an organism occupies in a food chain.
Question - Neanderthals - Ate - Scientists - Decades
The question of what Neanderthals ate has been highly debated among scientists for decades.
Traditionally considered the first people to live on the caveman diet, many have challenged the theory because of evidence of plant consumption.
Isotope - Ratios - Position - Organism - Food
Through nitrogen isotope ratios, which measures the position an organism has in the food chain, they found that neanderthals hold a slightly higher ratio than carnivores.
It has been suggested that the slightly higher values were due to the consumption of mammoth or putrid meat.
Examples - Cannibalism - Neanderthal - Sites
There have also been examples of cannibalism discovered at different Neanderthal sites.
Paleolithic modern humans, who arrived in France shortly after the Neanderthals had disappeared, exhibit even higher nitrogen isotope ratios which they interpreted as the signature of eating freshwater fish.
Neanderthals - Les - Cottés - Grotte - Du
The Neanderthals come from Les Cottés and Grotte du Renne, in France, two sites where no fish remains have been found.
But the measurements were performed on a tooth root, which recorded the diet between...
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