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As families in Christchurch bury their loved ones following Friday's terrorist attack, global attention now turns to preventing such a thing ever happening again.
In particular, the role social media played in broadcasting live footage and amplifying its reach is under the microscope. Facebook and YouTube face intense scrutiny.
New - Zealand - Prime - Minister - Jacinta
New Zealand's Prime Minister Jacinta Ardern has reportedly been in contact with Facebook executives to press the case that the footage should not available for viewing. Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison has called for a moratorium on amateur livestreaming services.
But beyond these immediate responses, this terrible incident presents an opportunity for longer term reform. It's time for social media platforms to be more open about how livestreaming works, how it is moderated, and what should happen if or when the rules break down.
Perpetrator - Radar - Incident - Christchurch - Focus
With the alleged perpetrator apparently flying under the radar prior to this incident in Christchurch, our collective focus is now turned to the online radicalisation of young men.
As part of that, online platforms face increased scrutiny and Facebook and Youtube have drawn criticism.
Dissemination - Livestream - Facebook - YouTube - Venue
After dissemination of the original livestream occurred on Facebook, YouTube became a venue for the re-upload and propagation of the recorded footage.
Both platforms have made public statements about their efforts at moderation.
Challenges - Volume - Uploads
YouTube noted the challenges of dealing with an "unprecedented volume" of uploads.
Although it's been reported less than 4000 people saw the initial stream on Facebook, Facebook said: "In the first 24 hours we removed 1.5 million videos of the attack globally, of which over 1.2 million were blocked at upload […]"
Chiefly - Live-streaming - Shooter - Footage - Challenge
Focusing chiefly on live-streaming is somewhat reductive. Although the shooter initially streamed his own footage, the greater challenge of controlling the video largely relates to two issues:
the moderation of "mirror" video publication by people who had chosen to download, edit, and re-upload the video for their own purposes.
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