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A diet high in whole grain, bran and cereal fiber lowers the risk of liver cancer, a new study found.
But an increased intake of fruit or vegetable fiber did not have an effect, US scientists found.
Grains - Diet - Percent - Risk - Diets
Those who ate the most whole grains in their diet had a 37 percent lower risk than those whose diets were sparse of the healthy grains.
A high bran diet also reduced the risk by 30 percent while germ reduced it by 11 percent.
Added - Bran - Risk - Percent - Germ
Added bran reduced the risk by 31 percent but added germ actually increased the risk by 22 percent.
They added whole grains, bran and cereal fiber reduces insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, and inflammation - all known hallmarks of cancer.
Year - Americans - Britons - Liver - Cancer
Each year over 40,000 Americans and 5,500 Britons are diagnosed with primary liver cancer, or hepatocellular carcinoma - HCC - and it affects more men than women because liver disease in general is more common in men.
It's more likely to affect people over the age of 65 and is rare below the age of 45.
Dr - Xuehong - Zhang - Associate - Epidemiologist
Dr Xuehong Zhang, Associate Epidemiologist at Brigham & Women's Hospital and Assistant Professor at Harvard Medical School said: 'Increased intake of whole grains and possibly cereal fiber and bran could be associated with reduced risk of HCC among adults in the United States.'
He explained: 'Whole grains are a major source of dietary fiber and consist of bran, germ, and endosperm, compared with refined grains that contain only the endosperm.
Grains - Sources - Fiber - Vitamins - Minerals
'The whole grains are good sources of dietary fiber, vitamins, minerals, phytonutrients, and other numerous nutrients, which are removed during the refining process.
'Consumption of whole grains and dietary fiber, especially cereal fiber, has been associated with lower risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease,which are known predisposing factors for HCC.
Addition - Sensitivity - Regulation - Systemic
'In addition to improving insulin sensitivity and metabolic regulation and decreasing systemic...
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