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Stonehenge's bluestones were quarried from rock at two Welsh outcrops 5,000 years ago and transported over land to where they stand today.
This is contrary to a popular theory that the enormous rocks, up to 80 of them in total, were transported by sea via the Bristol channel.
Outcrops - Wales - Carn - Goedog - Craig
Rocky outcrops in Wales, known as Carn Goedog and Craig Rhos-y-felin, provided easy access to natural, vertical pillars.
Evidence of the quarrying from 3,000 BC was found in the form of charcoal at both sites, which researchers claim was used to remove the obelisks from the outcrops.
Professor - Kate - Welham - Bournemouth - University
Professor Kate Welham, of Bournemouth University, said: 'Some people think that the bluestones were taken southwards to Milford Haven and placed on rafts or slung between boats and then paddled up the Bristol Channel and along the Bristol Avon towards Salisbury Plain.
'But these quarries are on the north side of the Preseli hills so the megaliths could have simply gone overland all the way to Salisbury Plain.'
Research - Prototype - Stonehenge - Waun - Mawn
The research also claims it is possible a prototype of Stonehenge was originally built at Waun Mawn, situated only 1.86 miles (3km) from the rocky outcrops they were mined form.
They were likely used to build a simple circle structure before being disassembled and transported on the mammoth journey to where they now stand.
Studies - Cows - Livestock - Neolithic - Individuals
Previous studies have claimed cows and other large livestock may have assisted the Neolithic individuals in moving the rocks.
The reasons behind this move remain unknown and was likely fraught with logistical difficulties that have baffled scientists and historians for centuries.
Team - Leader - Professor - Mike - Parker
Team leader Professor Mike Parker Pearson, of UCL, said: 'What's really exciting about these discoveries is that they take us a step closer to unlocking Stonehenge's greatest mystery - why its stones came from so far away.
'Every other Neolithic monument in Europe was built of...
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