They are also far more likely to display harmful behaviours like smoking dependence and binge eating.
The study, published in BMC Public Health, investigated around 3000 South Australians who took part in face-to-face interviews using self-labelling questions to measure the age of onset and duration of bullying and sexual assault and their outcomes during home interviews.
Study - Participants - Ages - Settings - Levels
The study included participants of all ages, urban and rural settings and socioeconomic levels living in South Australia.
"In Australia almost half of all adults have experienced bullying and 10% have experienced some form of sexual abuse, and these experiences have had long-term effects on harmful behaviours, depression and quality of life," says Dr David Gonzalez-Chica from the University of Adelaide's Medical School.
% - Forms - Abuse - Childhood - Adolescence
While 60-70% of these forms of abuse occurred in childhood or adolescence, they were associated with worse outcomes later in life.
"Sexual abuse and bullying were related to harmful behaviours like smoking dependence and binge eating, antidepressant use, and reduced quality of life,'' Dr Gonzalez-Chica says.
Bullying - Abuse - Times - Binge - Eaters
"Those who suffered bullying and sexual abuse were three times more likely to be binge eaters than people who had never experienced these forms of abuse.
"Antidepressant use was up...
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