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Anthony B. Kim researches international economic issues at The Heritage Foundation, with a strong focus on economic freedom. Kim is the research manager of the Index of Economic Freedom, the flagship product of the Heritage Foundation in partnership with The Wall Street Journal. Read his research.
Mongolia, a landlocked nation of about 3 million people between China and Russia, has become an increasingly important geopolitical partner to the United States.
America - Relationship - Mongolia - Opportunities - Countries
America’s relationship with Mongolia is not insignificant and provides many opportunities for both countries.
The United States established diplomatic relations with Mongolia in 1987. Since then, the U.S. has been firmly regarded as Mongolia’s most important “third neighbor”—a country that does not border Mongolia, but has strategic relations with it.
Decades - Mongolia - Ally - US - Country
Over the past three decades, Mongolia has been a reliable diplomatic ally of the U.S. The country’s transition to stable democracy has been notable, too, especially among former Soviet republics.
Mongolia’s multiparty parliamentary system has yielded an open society, where political dissent is the norm, parliamentary debate is spirited, and compromise between parties is not uncommon.
Rest - Central - Asia - Governments - Autocracies
That contrasts starkly with the rest of post-Soviet Central Asia, where some presidential governments have resulted in autocracies.
The State Department’s Congressional Budget Justification for Foreign Operations for fiscal 2019 asserts that the “primary goals of U.S. assistance to Mongolia are to ensure the United States remains a preferred partner over geographical neighbors Russia and China, and to give Mongolia greater latitude to chart an independent foreign and security policy.”
Mongolia - Partner - Country - US - Vision
More importantly, Mongolia has been considered as an “emerging partner” and as a country with which the U.S. may cooperate to achieve a “shared vision of rules-based order in the Indo-Pacific.”
In fact, Mongolia has already demonstrated a strong commitment to working with...
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