Copyright © 2018 by Edwin X Berry. This PREPRINT has been submitted to a journal for publication. Therefore the present copyright does not permit republication because journals allow only one PREPRINT for submitted papers.
The United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) begins with the assumption that nature treats human-produced and nature-produced carbon dioxide differently. This assumption is wrong because it violates the Equivalence Principle. It also violates the proper use of systems models.
IPCC - Assumption - Infects - Models - IPCC
IPCC’s basic assumption infects climate models. IPCC’s Bern model, a 7-parameter curve-fit to climate model output, predicts human carbon dioxide stays in the atmosphere for a long time, some of it forever. That conclusion is a result of IPCC’s basic assumption and it is wrong.
Applying the Equivalence Principle, the Bern model predicts natural emissions will cause a runaway carbon dioxide level that contradicts data. Therefore, IPCC climate models are wrong.
Effect - Emissions - Carbon - Dioxide - Emissions
The effect of human emissions on atmospheric carbon dioxide is the same as if natural emissions had increased by the same amount and human emissions had remained zero.
A new Model, based only on the continuity equation and the ideal gas law, obeys the Equivalence Principle. With no arbitrary curve-fitting parameters, it accurately simulates the carbon-14 data.
Model - Carbon - Dioxide - Emissions - Human
The Model shows continued carbon dioxide emissions, human or natural, do not add more carbon dioxide to the atmosphere. Instead, carbon dioxide emissions set independent equilibrium levels for atmospheric carbon dioxide levels.
Using IPCC data, the Model shows present human emissions increase the level by 18 ppm and present natural emissions the level by 392 ppm to produce today’s total level of 410 ppm.
Questions - Climate - Change
The critical scientific questions about climate change are about cause-and-effect:
How much do human emissions increase atmospheric carbon dioxide?
Carbon - Dioxide - Change
How much does increased atmospheric carbon dioxide change...
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